Periodontal disease, also referred to as gum disease, is a disease of the gum muscles in your mouth. The principal reason for the periodontal condition is poor dental hygiene which happens in the buildup of a strong, sticky film of bacteria on the teeth called plaque.
In advanced stages, this may result in painful chewing difficulties, bleeding gums, and also tooth loss. Hence, treatment of gum disease must be a priority.
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What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is an inflammatory state of the periodontal and gum tissue surrounding the teeth. The first stage of gum infection is called gingivitis, which means swelling of gums.
Besides poor dental health and tartar buildup, factors like tobacco use, certain medications, clenching or rubbing of your teeth, and genetics may also play an essential role in developing gum disease.
Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease has different triggers. The principal cause of gum disease is plaque and tartar, which is formed when bacteria in our mouth respond with mucus and food debris. Plaque is tacky, and if not removed by regular brushing and flossing, it can harden and form tartar on the teeth. Tartar can't be cleaned by brushing, and you'll need to go to a professional dental hygienist to eliminate it.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Some of the main symptoms of gum disease are:
Persistent bad breath
Red, swollen, and receding gums
Bleeding of gums
Treatment and Prevention of Gum Disease
The treatment for periodontal disease largely depends upon the kind of disease. Some of the treatment choices are:
Plaque and calculus removal from your dental hygienist.
Regular cleanings and using prescribed drugs like chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash help kill germs in your mouth.